Ego Defense Mechanisms

Defense mechanisms are unconscious psychological responses that protect people from feelings of anxiety, threats to self-esteem, and things that they don\’t want to think about or deal with (Cramer 2015).  Defense mechanisms may result in healthy or unhealthy consequences depending on the circumstances and frequency with which the mechanism is used, psychological strategies brought into …

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Role and Role Expectation in Social Relationship

Human development is mostly concerned with the socio-moral and cognitive development of the person during the life-span. Societal development involves varying changes in resources, societal institutions, in the spheres of the economy, education and health, technologies, values, social and gender relations, and power distribution, in historical time. The questions raised by human development, concerning the …

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