ANIMAL SCIENCE/ZOOLOGY

ANIMAL SCIENCE/ZOOLOGY

PREVALENCE OF DIROFILARIA IMMITIS IN DOGS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTON   1.1         Background of Study  Dirofilaria is a nematode parasite that is widely enzootic in carnivores especially dog. It is of the family filariidae (Soulsby, 1982). There are two known species of importance in dogs: Dirofilaria repens (D. repens) and Dirofilaria immitis (D. immitis), of which D. immitis is more important and is commonly called the dog heart worm. The adult …

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QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FEED INGREDIENTS UTILIZED IN FEED FORMULATION ARE THE DETERMINANT OF FEED QUALITY

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Feeds and feeding is an integral part of pig production that claim between 60-75% cost of production and at the same time dictates the production strength and quality based on the observed feeding regime and feeding quality. Quality and quantity of feed ingredients utilized in feed formulation are the determinant of feed quality. These ingredients …

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CYTOGENETIC SCREENING OF DIFFERENT BREEDS OF RABBIT FOR GROWTH POTENTIALS IN A WARM HUMID TROPICAL ENVIRONMENT

CHAPTER ONE 1.0       GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.1       INTRODUCTION             The total world production of rabbit was estimated to range from 1,311,000 to 1,516,000 tonnes for the top 22 producer countries. From this figure, Italy had 300,000 tonnes, Russia 250,000 tonnes, France 150,000 tonnes, China 120,000 tonnes, Spain 100,000 tonnes, Indonesia 50,000 tonnes, Nigeria 50,000, tonnes, United …

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EFFECT OF PARITY AND BIRTH TYPE ON UDDER CHARACTERISTICS, MILK YIELD AND COMPOSITION OF WEST AFRICAN DWARF SHEEP

CHAPTER ONE 1.0  INTRODUCTION The shortage of animal protein is a common problem facing many tropical countries including Nigeria (FAO, 2003). It was reported by Akinfala et al. (2003), that the supply of animal protein for human consumption in Nigeria was below the demand. Despite the numerous advantages associated with the consumption of animal protein, the minimum …

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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of Study Poultry production has an unquestionable propensity to close the existing gap in animal protein consumption in the country. This according to Ibe (2004) is because of their short gestation and generation intervals, large number, fast growth, greater affordability, ease of raising, absence of taboos to production and consumption and …

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EFFECT OF EJACULATION FREQUENCY AND MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS ON SEMEN QUALITY, FERTILITY AND HATCHABILITY OF LOCAL TURKEYS IN THE HUMID TROPICS

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background of the Study Food insecurity which is felt in most developing nations including Nigeria over the years has accentuated the already critical animal protein deficiency among human populations. High cost of livestock and poultry has limited the capacity of an average Nigerian to consume adequate quantity and quality of …

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EFFECTS OF DIETARY VITAMIN C AND VITAMIN E ON THE PERFORMANCE OF LAYING HENS IN THE HUMID TROPICS

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Human diets in tropical countries such as Nigeria are most often protein-poor, both quantitatively and qualitatively (Okeke et al., 1985; Ojewola, et al., 2004). For instance, the contemporary average per capita protein consumption in Nigeria is estimated at 7-10g (Oluremi et al., 2008; Okuneye, 2002). This estimate falls far below the FAO (1997) …

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EFFECTS OF BOTANICALS, SOIL AMENDMENTS AND POLYETHYLENE MULCH COLOUR ON ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE (MELOIDOGYNE JAVANICA TREUB) INFECTION ON TOMATO ( SOLANUM LYCOPERSICUM MILL)

INTRODUCTION      Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill) is a solanacious plant. The fruit is very rich in essential vitamins and mineral salts (Peet,2001). It generates income to its growers. It is tropical warm season crop, said to have originated in tropical Central and South America(COPR,1983), and it is grown all over Nigeria. The bulk of  production is …

EFFECTS OF BOTANICALS, SOIL AMENDMENTS AND POLYETHYLENE MULCH COLOUR ON ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE (MELOIDOGYNE JAVANICA TREUB) INFECTION ON TOMATO ( SOLANUM LYCOPERSICUM MILL) Read More »

EFFECT OF VARYING LEVELS OF PAWPAW LEAF MEAL (CARICA PAPAYA) ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF FINISHING BROILERS

 CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information             High cost of feed emanating from volatility in the macro environment and general unavailability of feed or high cost of feed ingredients, especially protein sources has resulted in declining productivity and profitability for intensive broiler production system. This Scenario has resulted in supply bottlenecks forcing an upsurge …

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EFFECT OF SEASON ON AFLATOXINS LOAD OF SELECTED FEEDSTUFFS FOR PIGS IN THE HUMID TROPICS

CHAPTER ONE 1.0  INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The consumption of  animal protein is very essential for meeting the protein requirement of man for normal growth and healthy development. The protein sources from animal origin are good sources of lysine and sulphur amino acids, which are lower in protein sources from plant origin (Omole, …

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