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PREDICTION OF STUCK PIPE USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NEWORK

PROJECT BODY:

CHAPTER ONE

1.0       INTRODUCTION

Over several years the petroleum industry has been facing challenges associated with stuck pipe. Stuck pipe has caused a major drilling cost for the drilling industry worldwide and various cost estimates carried out have indicated that the cost of fixing stuck pipe issues exceeds $250 million per year (Bradley et al., 1991).

Problems of stuck pipe can range from minor inconveniences to increase in drilling cost up to major complications which will lead to altered drilling due to the inability to drill when this occurs resulting in major time loss.

A major key to the reduction of this phenomenon is the ability to correctly or even better, accurately predict the occurrence of stuck pipe.

Generally, stuck pipe is described as any restriction of upward or downward movement of drill string and/or pipe rotation and leads to a situation where the pipe cannot be freed from the hole without damaging the pipe, and without exceeding the drill rigs maximum allowed hook load. The portion of the drill string that cannot be rotated or moved vertically is known as the stuck pipe.

There are several causes of stuck pipe which include poor hole cleaning, key sitting, collapsed casing, junk, cement related problems, mobile formation, geo-pressured formation, fractured formation. However, the causes of stuck pipe can be classified under two broad categories which are mechanical and differential sticking.facebook sharing button Sharetwitter sharing button Tweetmessenger sharing button Sharewhatsapp sharing button Shareemail sharing button Email

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