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FORMAT = Ms Word  :  PAGES = 70  :  PRICE = ₦2500  :  CHAPTERS = 1 - 5

DETERMINATION OF THE MICROBIAL STATUS OF RESERVOIR WATER IN MANAGEMENT CAMPUS OF KENPOLY BORI

CHAPTER ONE 1.1     INTRODUCTION

Water is one of the most abundant substances in nature. It is as previously considered to be an element, not until convention proved it to be a compound consisting of hydrogen and oxygen in the ration of 2:1 by volume.

Water covers approximately three quarters of the surface but in spite of this apparent abundance, several factors have limited the amount of water available for human use.

It is of fundamental importance to all kinds of plants and animals and therefore to man. It is of aerial importance with  the air we breath in maintaining the vital process necessary for life and growth.

But since it is not very available, its provision has form the earliest part of villages and town to the place where water supply exist.

Water is a vital commodity to industries for processing field stock (reacting raw materials), solvent compound and cooling process. It is distributed in many forms such as rain water, spring water, and sea water etc.

The reservoir water in management campus is of vital use of human (student, staff and food vendors). Reservoir is generally used for water storage. It is used for cooking by food vendors. Anonymous (2011).

It is also used by the student for bathing, washing and drinking.

It is necessary to determine the suitability of the reservoir water for the above mentioned purpose.

Thus, determination of it’s microbial status becomes very important.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The lack of proper washing and maintenance of the reservoir tank and the irregular washing of the discharging channels causes microbes to grow in the water, thereby causing effect on the life of the people (student, staff etc).

The effect which it can cause if not properly taken care of are dysentery, typhoid, it can also cause itching on the skin.

The health effect of drinking contaminated water can range from no physical impact to severe illness or even death.

Some of the effects of drinking communicated water can be immediate, or not noticed for many years. These include gastrointestinal and stomach illness like nausea and vomiting. (Puig, M. (1994).

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The objective of the study include

       The determination of the microbial load of reservoir water.

       Identification of the isolates

       Verification of their health implications

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study will be significant to our school water services. The water microbial contamination will be analyzed and relevant control measures will be recommended.

1.5     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is to focus on the microbial water in management campus, Ken Poly. The water will be tested using different portability analytical.

1.6     LIMITATION OF STUDY

The study is limited due to lack of fund and adequate equipment for water quality analysis also affected this study.

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

Reservoir: This is a place where anything (water) is kept in store, especially, a place where water is collected and kept for use when wanted as to supply to people.

Microbial load: This is the measure or level of micro organisms in a substance liquid or solid.

Water pollution: This is the contamination of water bodies.

Water (H2O): is a transparent fluid which forms the world’s streams, lakes, oceans and rain, and is the major constituent of the fluids of organisms.

Ground water: Is the water present beneath Earth’s surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations.

Microorganism: A microorganisms or microbe is a microscopic organism, which may be single-celled or multi-cellular.

Bacteriological water analysis: Bacteriological water anlaysis is a method of analyzing water to estimate the numbers of bacteria present and, if needed, to find out what sort of bacteria they are. It represents one aspect water quality. Ashbolt, et al (2001).


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